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Left mesial temporal sclerosis with 3T MRI T2-weighted sequence. (Image from Epilepsy.com.)
May. 07, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Recognition of a genetic basis of temporal lobe epilepsy in some families represents a major advance. In some forms, such as familial lateral temporal
Mar. 29, 2021
Antibody-mediated epilepsies show abrupt onset of frequent focal seizures with neuropsychiatric features. They may be caused by antibodies directed against the extracellular surface of neuronal proteins.
Jul. 05, 2021
General Child Neurology
Developmental delay in children is a common and concerning presentation in pediatric primary and specialty care. The identification and evaluation and
May. 25, 2019
Stroke & Vascular Disorders
Clinical features of basal ganglia hemorrhage include focal neurologic signs, headache, nausea, vomiting, decreased level of consciousness, and elevated blood pressure. Small hemorrhages may resemble lacunar infarctions, whereas large ones may present as coma, with neurologic deficits depending on the location, size, and expansion of the hematoma. It is one of the most severe types of stroke.
Aug. 27, 2021
Cerebral arteriopathies are collectively the most common cause of stroke, accounting for 30% to 40% of strokes in young adults and over 50% in children. Common cerebral vasculopathies in young adults include carotid and vertebral arterial dissection, moyamoya disease, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes, primary angiitis of the central nervous system, dolichoectasia, sickle cell disease, CADASIL, Fabry disease, and selected genetic and inherited arteriopathies.
Apr. 04, 2020
Sep. 17, 2020
Neuro-Ophthalmology & Neuro-Otology
Toxic or nutritional optic neuropathy is classically characterized by gradual painless progressive vision loss, bilateral central or cecocentral scotomas, marked dyschromatopsia, loss of high spatial frequency contrast sensitivity, temporal pallor, and loss of papillomacular bundle. A thorough history of medication use, toxic exposure, substance abuse, dietary deficiency, past surgeries, family history, and peripheral neurologic symptoms should be documented. Early recognition, removal of toxic agents, and supplementation of nutritional deficiencies may lead to protracted visual recovery.
Feb. 13, 2020