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(Contributed by Dr. Joseph Siebert.)
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Jul. 21, 2021
Myoclonus is an involuntary shock-like contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles, followed by relaxation. Myoclonic jerks are irregular in rhythm and amplitude and can range from mild muscular contractions with small amplitude movement to gross jerks affecting the whole body. Myoclonus occurs as a symptom or sign in numerous diseases and conditions, and the first step in focusing on the myoclonus is to determine its category of clinical classification.
May. 07, 2020
This article includes discussion of tibial nerve injuries and Morton neuroma. The foregoing terms may include synonyms, similar disorders, variations in
Jun. 07, 2021
Sep. 29, 2020
Oxcarbazepine is a homologue of the well-known antiepileptic drug carbamazepine. It was developed as an alternative to carbamazepine for patients who had adverse reactions to carbamazepine or diphenylhydantoin. Oxcarbazepine is indicated as a monotherapy for the treatment of partial epilepsy with or without secondary generalization.
Jul. 26, 2021
Autonomic neuropathies consist of acquired or inherited diseases resulting from a disturbance of the peripheral autonomic nervous system. Clinical features vary depending on relative involvement of distal sympathetic, cholinergic, or adrenergic systems.
Aug. 09, 2019
Sleep bruxism is a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible. A sequential change from autonomic and brain cortical activities precedes sleep bruxism, and growing evidence indicates that emotions, psychological stress and predisposition to anxiety can play a role in onset.
Oct. 27, 2020
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Functional neurologic disorder consists of disabling neurologic symptoms, interfering with everyday activities, that are aggravated by the patient’s attention to them. Recent physical or psychological trauma commonly precede symptom onset. The condition is involuntary, but can be improved by reducing the patient's attention to it.
Jan. 13, 2020