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Representative section showing increased cellularity in the cortical molecular layer with scattered neurons. (Kluver-Barrera stain) (Contributed by Dr. Paul Mischel.)
Epilepsy & Seizures
Feb. 18, 2021
Neuropathy in HIV infection can occur due to a direct effect of HIV itself, opportunistic infections, neoplasms, or medication toxicity. Peripheral nerve issues are one of the most common neurologic complications of HIV infection. Painful sensory neuropathy, AIDP, CIDP, autonomic neuropathy, polyradiculopathy, mononeuropathies, mononeuritis multiplex, cranial neuropathies, and ALS-like motor neuropathy can be seen with HIV.
Mar. 16, 2021
Neuropharmacology & Neurotherapeutics
Sep. 05, 2021
Neurologic syndromes associated with measles include measles inclusion body encephalitis, acute post-infectious measles encephalomyelitis, primary measles encephalitis, and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Neurologic sequelae of measles are severe and may carry a substantial risk of disability and even death.
Mar. 29, 2021
General Child Neurology
Extracerebral fluid collections in infants are common and of multiple etiologies. Most acute subdural hematomas occur non-accidentally. Infections can
Jan. 19, 2021
Traditionally, vaccines have been developed for prevention of infectious diseases. For example, vaccines are the most important and effective preventive measures against COVID-19 and its neurological manifestation, ie, neuroCOVID. Apart from prevention of infectious diseases, vaccines are in development for therapeutic use in noninfectious diseases. Indications for therapeutic vaccines include neurodegenerative disorders, traumatic brain injury, glioblastoma, and multiple sclerosis.
Apr. 03, 2021
Brain metastases are neoplasms that originate in tissues or organs outside the brain and spread to involve the brain parenchyma. Metastasis to the brain parenchyma is the single most frequent neurologic complication of several common neoplasms, including lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma. Brain metastases often have a devastating impact on patients' quality of life and are fatal if not controlled.
Jul. 27, 2021
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Pre-mild cognitive impairment, or subjective cognitive decline, is a self-reported state of cognitive decline that is a transition state between normal aging and mild cognitive impairment. Patients usually complain of memory loss, but some might notice problems with other cognitive domains such as organizational skills, language, or visuospatial function. In most cases, the etiology is presumed to be neurodegeration due to early Alzheimer disease.
Dec. 08, 2020