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Serial computed tomography on day 1 (left) and day 3 (right) showing enlargement of hematoma size. (Contributed by Dr. Ravindra Kumar Garg.)
Headache & Pain
Sep. 01, 2020
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is the most commonly inherited autosomal dominant ataxia. It is mediated by an expanded triplicate nucleotide repeat that encodes for mutant ataxin-3 protein. Gait ataxia is the most common presenting symptom. SCA3 has a heterogeneous phenotype, including sensory or motor neuropathies, upper motor neuron signs, abnormalities in extraocular movements, dystonias, and parkinsonism.
Oct. 18, 2020
Nov. 07, 2020
Childhood Degenerative & Metabolic Disorders
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare, genetic neurologic disorders characterized by abnormal accumulation of iron in the basal ganglia. Common features of NBIA include the following: (1) occurrence at a young age, generally after earliest childhood; (2) a motor disorder, mainly of extrapyramidal type, characterized by dystonic postures, muscular rigidity, involuntary movements of choreoathetoid or tremulous type, but with findings suggesting corticospinal tract dysfunction as well; (3) mental changes indicative of dementia; and (4) a relentless, progressive course extending over several years, leading to death in early adulthood.
Apr. 25, 2020
Epilepsy & Seizures
Dyscognitive focal (limbic, psychomotor, or complex partial) status epilepticus represents a most intriguing epileptic condition. Variable confusion
May. 10, 2021
Infection of the central nervous system caused by free-living amoebae is rare but usually lethal. Granulomatous amebic encephalitis is a subacute infection
Jun. 08, 2020
Behavioral & Cognitive Disorders
Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a serious mental illness that may drastically affect an individual s ability to function because of mood instability.
Apr. 20, 2019
Oct. 12, 2020