Oct. 18, 2021
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HIV retinopathy cotton-wool spots are the most common findings in patients with AIDS, occurring in 50% to 60% of individuals with HIV. The white lesion in HIV retinopathy is caused by microvasculopathy (cotton-wool spots). Cotton-wool spots seen in individuals with HIV are identical to those seen in other conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension (Contributed by Dr. Rosa Tang.)