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Basic chemical structure of glycosphingolipids

Glycosphingolipids are composed of a sphingosine, a fatty acid chain (these two forming a ceramide) and a carbohydrate moiety (X). The fatty acid attached to the sphingosine may vary in chain length and in degree of unsaturation and/or hydroxylation. (Source: Belarbi K, Cuvelier E, Bonte MA, et al. Glycosphingolipids and neuroinflammation in Parkinson's disease. Mol Neurodegener 2020;15[1]:59. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License,