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Annual meningitis cases and deaths from meningitis, 1928 to 2018, in countries within the African meningitis belt

Bar graph of annual meningitis cases (blue bars) and deaths (blue bars) from meningitis reported from 1928 to 2018 in countries within the African meningitis belt. Note that meningitis case information is unavailable for the period 1948–1957 and that this temporal gap is omitted in the bar graph. The scales for cases and deaths are the left and right vertical axes, respectively. (Source: Mazamay S, Guégan JF, Diallo N, et al. An overview of bacterial meningitis epidemics in Africa from 1928 to 2018 with a focus on epidemics "outside-the-belt." BMC Infect Dis 2021;21[1]:1027. Creative Commons Attribution License [By 4.0],

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Associated Disorders

  • asplenia
  • deficiency of a terminal complement component (C5-9)
  • deficiency of properdin