External Resources

Welcome to the largest directory of neurologic resources in the world. Links provided on this page take you to third-party websites. We do not endorse any third-party site. Scroll to the bottom of this page to view our full Disclaimer and how to contact us to tell us about other helpful sites or to report broken links.

TOOLS | GUIDELINES | CLINICAL TRIALSFOR PATIENTS | MISCELLANEOUS SITES OF INTEREST | DISCLAIMER

TOOLS
Quality Measures | Literature Search | Free Articles | Free Smartphone Apps | Neuroimaging & Neuroanatomy | Clinical Scales | Cognition Tests | Pipeline | Rare Disorders/Genetic Diseases | Genes | Physician Finder | Other Tools
 

Quality Measures

AAN Quality Measurement Sets
Link to a list of the American Academy of Neurology's (AAN's) quality measurement sets on important neurologic conditions and learn how they can help you improve the care of your patients. Log in to the AAN website is required.

AAN Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Performance Measurement Set
The measures were American Academy of Neurology Board of Directors approved July 2012, published in November 2013.

AAN Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy Measurement Set
The measures were American Academy of Neurology Board of Directors approved May 2013, published in September 2013.

AAN Dementia Performance Measurement Set
The measures were American Academy of Neurology Board of Directors approved 2011, published in September 2013.

Stroke and Stroke Rehabilitation Physician Performance Measurement Set
The measures were PCPI approved June 2012.

AAN Parkinson Disease Physician Performance Measurement Set
The measures were American Academy of Neurology approved December 2009.

AAN Epilepsy Physician Performance Measurement Set
The measures were PCPI approved August 2009.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Physician Performance Measurement Set
The measures were approved September 2008.

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Literature Search

PubMed
PubMed is a service of the US National Library of Medicine that includes over 19 million citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to the 1948. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources.

PubMed Tutorial
This online tutorial will teach you how to search PubMed, the National Library of Medicine's journal literature search system.

Google Scholar
Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations. Google Scholar helps you identify the most relevant research across the world of scholarly research.

Entrez Cross-Database Search
A cross-database search engine that searches across National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) databases including PubMed, OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man), Entrez Genome, Entrez Nucleotides, NCBI Taxonomy Database, and the Molecular Modeling Database, among others, as well as various online biomedical books.

GoPubMed Weekly
Get personalized recommendations from the previous week's publications every Monday morning.

Citeulike
A free service for managing and discovering scholarly references. The site allows you to store, organize, and share scholarly papers you find online. You can also share your library with others and see others reading the same papers.

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Free Articles

Hinari (Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative)
The HINARI program, set up by WHO together with major publishers, enables developing countries to gain free or discounted access to one of the world's largest collections of biomedical and health literature. Over 6200 journals are now available to health institutions in over one hundred countries.

HighWire Press
A division of the Stanford University Libraries, HighWire Press hosts over 6 million full text articles (over 2 million free) from over 1,200 journals.

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Free Smartphone Apps of Note (Dont's see your favorite apps? Send an email to editor@medlink.com)

NeuroMind iOS, NeuroMind Android
Anatomical pictures, differential diagnosis, WHO Safe Surgery checklist items, and relevant score and grading systems.

Nerve Whiz iOS, Nerve Whiz Android
Designed by a neuromuscular neurologist at the University of Michigan, Nerve Whiz is a free application for medical professionals interested in learning the complex anatomy of nerve roots, plexuses, and peripheral nerves.

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Neuroimaging & Neuroanatomy

Neuro-Ophthalmology Virtual Education Library (NOVEL)
A web accessible collection of images, video, lectures, and other digital media for use by neuro-ophthalmology professionals, educators, students, and patients. NOVEL is a collaboration of the Spencer S Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, and the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society. Initially funded by the National Library of Medicine.

BrainMaps.org
An interactive, high-resolution digital brain atlas and virtual microscope that is based on over 15 million megapixels of scanned images of serial sections of both primate and non-primate brains and that is integrated with a high-speed database for querying and retrieving data about brain structure and function over the Internet.

The Whole Brain Atlas
An information resource for CNS imaging that integrates clinical information with magnetic resonance (MR), x-ray computed tomography (CT), and nuclear medicine images. The Atlas project is made possible in part by the Departments of Radiology and Neurology at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, the Countway Library of Medicine, and the American Academy of Neurology.

The Internet Stroke Center
The Internet Stroke Center at Washington University offers CT, MR, and angiogram images of cerebrovascular and neurologic diseases

Neuromuscular Disease Center
An extensive library of nerve and muscle images maintained by Washington University. The collection includes MRIs, nerve and muscle biopsy images, line diagrams, and EMG recordings.

Health Education Assets Library (HEAL)
HEAL is a digital library that provides freely accessible high quality digital teaching resources for health sciences educators and learners. It also provides high-quality videos of patients with various neurologic conditions.

Braininfo
A University of Washington website where users may search by term and identify different brain areas in a number of views, it includes MRI and stained brain sections.

The Human Brain Atlas
This Michigan State University website atlas allows users to view MRI sections through a living human brain as well as corresponding sections stained for cell bodies or for nerve fibers.

Synapse Web
Created by the Laboratory of Synapse Structure and Function, with Dr. Kristen M Harris as principal investigator, this website is an excellent source of ultrastructural (electronic microscopic) images of axons, dendrites, and neurons. The site is funded jointly by the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Drug Abuse.

University of Arkansas Neuroscience Atlas
An atlas of gross anatomy of the forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain, the ventricular system, blood supply, spinal cord, and eye.

NeuroLogic Exam
The website is a joint effort of the University of Nebraska and University of Utah schools of medicine; it integrates video on the neurologic examination with neuroanatomic diagrams and short lectures commenting on how the examination correlates with neuroanatomy. The site includes video of both normal and abnormal neurologic findings, and covers mental status exam, cranial nerve exam, coordination exam, sensory exam, motor exam, and gait exam.

RadiologyInfo.org
Answer patients’ questions about diagnostic and interventional radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiation therapy. An informative and trustworthy website for patients created and maintained jointly by the American College of Radiology and the Radiological Society of North America.

Radiation Dose Assessment for Neuroimaging
ACR Appropriateness Criteria® radiation dose assessment introduction. American College of Radiology.

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Clinical Scales

Glasgow Coma Scale Online
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adaptation of the Glasgow Coma Scale.

Stroke Scales
The five stroke scales in this section are used to evaluate a stroke patient, immediately or subsequently to experiencing an acute stroke.

Cognition Tests

Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA)
A rapid screening instrument that is more sensitive than the MMSE for mild cognitive dysfunction. It is available in English, Spanish, French, and Dutch.

The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
The most commonly used test for complaints of memory problems or when a diagnosis of dementia is being considered.

Addenbrook's Cognitive Examination (ACE-R)
A brief mental status test by John Hodges and colleagues, Cambridge, UK. Validated. Tests more cognitive functions than the MMSE.

Pipeline

Epilepsy Medication Pipeline
Epilepsy.com's report on the 2010 Pipeline Conference held in San Francisco in February 2010.

Rare Disorders/Genetic Diseases

NORD - National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
The NORD Web page offers a rare disease database, breaking news, resources, and several useful links.

NIH - Office of Rare Diseases
Find information on more than 6000 rare diseases, including current research, publications from scientific and medical journals, completed research, ongoing studies, and patient support groups.

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)
This catalog of human genes and genetic disorders was authored and edited by Dr. Victor A. McKusick and his colleagues at Johns Hopkins and elsewhere, and developed for the World Wide Web by NCBI, the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

Genetic Alliance
A support, education, and advocacy organization for people living with genetic conditions. A general resource and guide for genetic diseases, including information on genetics, genetic diseases, healthcare and insurance, support organizations and resources.

London Medical Databases
Award-winning databases in the medical genetics field that are valuable reference and diagnostic tools for clinicians. Currently the London Medical Databases (LMD) series comprises the Winter-Baraitser Dysmorphology Database (WBDD), Baraitser-Winter Neurogenetics Database (BWDB), and the London Ophthalmic Genetics Database (GENEEYE).

OrphanAnestheaia
“OrphanAnesthesia” is a project of anesthetists and disease experts that aims to contribute to patients' safety by promoting recommendations for anesthesia in patients suffering from rare diseases. These recommendations are peer reviewed, readily accessible, and reflect the best evidence available.

Genes

HUGO Gene Nomenclature
Search the Human Genome Organization Gene Nomenclature Committee database for official names and symbols of human genes. You can request a gene symbol before publication, via an online request form, to avoid conflicts with existing symbols. There are also guidelines, a gene submission feature, and useful links.

MGI Guidelines for Nomenclature of Genes, Genetic Markers, Alleles, and Mutations in Mouse and Rat
This web version of mouse and rat nomenclature guidelines represents the current nomenclature policies of the International Committee for Standardized Genetic Nomenclature for Mice and the Rat Genome and Nomenclature Committee. You can search for genes and genome features by symbol, name, location, gene ontology classification or phenotype; build graphical displays of genetic maps or regions of the mouse genome; search for genetic mapping data; search for strains, SNPs and polymorphisms; search for references, and more.

Nomenclature of the Description of Sequence Variations
This Human Genome Variation Society website provides sequence variant nomenclature and recommendations, example descriptions, discussions, frequently asked questions, and historical information concerning sequence variations.

Physician Finder

Physician & Other Health Practitioner Finder - License Verification
Use DocFinder to search state licensing databases on this website sponsored by the Association of State Medical Board Executive Directors.

Physician Finder - Neurologists - American Academy of Neurology
Find a neurologist by searching the membership roster of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN). Requires AAN username and password.

Physician Finder - American Board of Medical Specialties
Verify the board certification status, location by city and state, and specialty of any physician certified by one or more of the 24 Member Boards of the American Board of Medical Specialties.

National Provider Identifier (NPI) Registry
A database of millions of U.S. healthcare providers and organizations registered with the Centers for Medicare and Medical Services (CMS) for filing claims for reimbursement and other uses. The database includes physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, dentists, denturists, chiropractors, physical therapists, athletic trainers, hospitals, home health care agencies, nursing homes, residential treatment centers, group practices, laboratories, pharmacies, medical equipment companies, and similar individuals and entities. The database can be used to look up registrants' NPI numbers and vice versa.

Other Tools

CPT Coding Tools (for AAN members)
Look up and search for CPT codes by keyword. Look up CPT codes and recent coding changes. Browse CPT codes by category.

Quality Tools
A compilation of practical tools put together by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for assessing, measuring, promoting, and improving the quality of health care. Its purpose is to give health plans, providers, purchasers, consumers, and policymakers easy access to a variety of resources they can use to improve the delivery of care, inform decisions, and educate people about their health care needs. In many cases, these tools complement or directly support innovations presented on this site.

International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd Edition (Beta)
This 3rd edition (beta) of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) has been published to synchronize ICHD-3 with the World Health Organization’s next revision (11th edition) of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11).

SimulConsult
Medical professionals can get a "simultaneous consult" about a patient's diagnosis by entering findings into SimulConsult's medical decision support software. The software for pediatric neurologists suggests diagnoses and identifies other findings and lab tests useful in reaching a diagnosis, based on information about diseases collected in a wiki-like fashion from a large peer-reviewed community of experts. Free registration is required.

EMG Whiz
EMG Whiz is a case-based training module that lets you work through the step-by-step process of diagnosing disorders of the peripheral nervous system using EMG data, just as you would with a real patient. Fee based.

Neuroexam.com
This website, created by Hal Blymenthal MD PhD, is an interactive online guide to the neurologic examination. It provides streaming video segments of each step of the neurologic exam.

Continuing Medical Education
This American Medical Association webpage provides answers to questions asked frequently by physicians regarding Continuing Medical Education.

Physician Resources for CME
This American Medical Association webpage provides information about the American Medical Association (AMA) Physician's Recognition Award (PRA), including who is eligible, how to earn credit, and how to apply. Click here for a pdf file that explains what physicians should know about the AMA PRA Credit System, and here for links to Physician CME applications.

AMA's FREIDA Online
FREIDA Online® is a database with over 9,000 graduate medical education programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, as well as over 100 combined specialty programs.

The Medical Algorithms Project
More than 5100 algorithms organized into 45 chapters, including neurology, are available in English and Spanish as spreadsheets that can be opened in your browser. Diagnosis and treatment algorithms, classification schemes, diagnostic criteria, rating scales, etc., are provided for many neurologic conditions. Algorithms were developed by the Institute for Algorithmic Medicine.

Who Named It?
A biographical dictionary of medical eponyms and the persons behind them.

Multilingual Glossary of Technical and Popular Medical Terms
The system contains the electronic form of 8 glossaries, in which you can find 1830 technical and popular medical terms in 8 of the 9 official European languages: English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Danish.

ABA Keywords
A webpage that list the contains the key words and phrases from the 2008 through 2012 ABA inservice training (ITE) exams, followed by the percent of residents in their final year of training who answered the question pertaining to the key word correctly. Some of these key words and phrases are discussed in detail.

Language Access Issues in Physician Practices
A toolkit for physicians and their staff members that presents a systems approach to designing a practice that provides the highest quality care possible to patients who speak limited English. Sponsored by the California Academy of Family Physicians and the CAFP Foundation.

Neuroland: Clinical Neurology Information for Professionals
This site is maintained and supported by Charles Tuen MD, through the Methodist Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. The site provides links to neurology websites for physicians and health care professionals. In addition, Dr. Tuen's website provides links to online medical books and journals, practice hints, practice guidelines, and other information.

Center for Biosecurity Agent Fact Sheets
The Center for Biosecurity at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has posted Agent Fact Sheets regarding anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, and viral hemorrhagic fevers.

Hardin MD: Nervous System / Neurology
This site is part of the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences maintained by the University of Iowa; it presents a list of links for images of the nervous system, the brain, and various neurologic diseases.

Neuro-Ophthalmology Virtual Education Library (NOVEL)
A web accessible collection of images, video, lectures, and other digital media for use by neuro-ophthalmology professionals, educators, students, and patients. NOVEL is a collaboration of the Spencer S Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, and the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society. Initially funded by the National Library of Medicine.

GUIDELINES
Sources of Practice Guidelines | Guidelines (Categorized) | Position Statements | Consensus Statements | Guideline Syntheses | Expert Commentary

Sources of Practice Guidelines

AAN Practice Guidelines
The American Academy of Neurology develops clinical practice guidelines to assist its members in clinical decision-making, particularly in situations of controversy or variation in practice. Guidelines issued by the American Academy of Neurology are available in full at the AAN website. You can search guidelines organized by date or by subspecialty. Many AAN clinical practice guidelines have related tools, including slide presentations and patient and physician summaries of selected guidelines, as well as PDA versions.

AAN Practice Guidelines in Multiple Languages
Several of the American Academy of Neurology clinical practice guidelines are available in languages other than English.  Browse by language to read translated AAN clinical practice guidelines. Selected translated clinician or patient summaries are also available.

AGREE Enterprise
This international collaboration of researchers and policy makers from a core of European countries as well as Canada, New Zealand, and the United States seeks to improve the quality and effectiveness of clinical practice guidelines by establishing a shared framework for their development, reporting, and assessment.

American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines
Access practice guidelines and quick reference guides for various psychiatric and neuropsychiatric disorders, including delirium, Alzheimer disease, HIV, and substance abuse, developed by the American Psychiatric Association.

The Brain Attack Coalition Stroke Guidelines
The Brain Attack Coalition is a group of professional, voluntary, and governmental entities dedicated to reducing the occurrence, disabilities, and death associated with stroke. The 15 guidelines provided on this site offer a comprehensive diagnostic tool to help both determine stroke severity and appropriate treatment.

German Guidelines Clearinghouse
The German Guidelines Clearinghouse was commissioned by various German medical associations to work in the fields of guideline accreditation, dissemination, implementation, and evaluation.

Guidelines International Network (G-I-N)
An international initiative involving organizations from around the world, G-I-N seeks to improve the quality of healthcare by promoting systematic development of clinical practice guidelines and their application into practice.

ICSI - Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement
This independent, non-profit organization emphasizes collaboration, consensus, continual improvement and active integration with the care process by encouraging "living guidelines" that are continually improved on the basis of documented experience.

NGC - National Guideline Clearinghouse
Search or browse this public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research Quality in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans. You can browse NGC guidelines by issuing organization, disorder, or treatment modality.

NICE Guidelines
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) produces guidance related to Technology appraisals; Clinical practice; and Interventional procedures (for management of diseases within the National Health Service in England and Wales).

Practice Guidelines
Diagnosis | Disorders | Drugs & Devices | Management | Symptoms | Miscellaneous

- Diagnosis Guidelines -

Evidence-based guideline: The role of diffusion and perfusion MRI for the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. July 2013. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary.

Evidence-based guideline: Diagnostic accuracy of CSF 14-3-3 protein in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. October 2012. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Evidence-based guideline: Intraoperative spinal monitoring with somatosensory and transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society. February 2012. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Evidence Report: Genetic and metabolic testing on children with global developmental delay
Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society. October 2011. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, and Case Study.

Evidence-based guideline update: Determining brain death in adults
Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. June 2010. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Indications for neuroimaging: focal neurologic deficit. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® focal neurologic deficit. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of focal neurologic deficit. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2012; 11 pages. [Download criteria]

Indications for neuroimaging: head trauma. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® focal neurologic deficit. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of head trauma. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2012; 12 pages. [Download criteria]

Indications for neuroimaging: low back pain. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® focal neurologic deficit. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of low back pain. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2011; 7 pages. [Download criteria]

Indications for neuroimaging: myelopathy. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® focal neurologic deficit. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of myelopathy. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2011; 11 pages. [Download criteria]

Indications for neuroimaging: headache in children. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® headache--child. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of childhood headache. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2012; 6 pages. [Download criteria]

Indications for neuroimaging: neuroendocrine disorders. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® neuroendocrine imaging. Compares appropriateness of different kinds of neuroimaging studies for evaluation of neuroendocrine disorders. American College of Radiology, last reviewed 2012; 10 pages. [Download criteria]

- Disorders Guidelines - (See the Guidelines section of Resource Centers listed below)

Behavioral and cognitive disorders
Childhood degenerative & metabolic disorders
Developmental malformations
Epilepsy & seizures
Headaches & pain
Infectious disorders
Miscellaneous neurology disorders
Miscellaneous pediatric neurology disorders
Movement disorders
Neuro-oncology
Neuro-ophthalmology & neuro-otology
Neuroimmunology
Neuromuscular disorders
Peripheral neuropathies
Sleep disorders
Stroke and vascular disorders

- Drugs and Devices Guidelines -

Systematic review: Efficacy and safety of medical marijuana in selected neurologic disorders
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. April 2014. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, Video, and Case Study.

Assessment: Efficacy of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in the treatment of pain in neurologic disorders (an evidence-based review)
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. January 2010. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary [1-page download].

Botulinum neurotoxin in the treatment of autonomic disorders and pain: Assessment: an evidence-based review
May 2008. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary [2-page download], Patient Summary [2-page download], and Case Study [3-page download].

Multiple sleep latency test and maintenance of wakefulness test: Practice parameters for use
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. 2005.

Non-respiratory indications for polysomnography and multiple sleep latency testing for children
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. January 2012.

Neutralizing antibodies to interferon-beta:assessment of their clinical and radiographic impact
March 2007.

- Management Guidelines -

Summary of evidence-based guideline: Complementary and alternative medicine in multiple sclerosis
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. March 2014. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary  and Patient Summary.

Evidence-based guideline update: Vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. March 2014. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, Policy Perspective, and Case Study.

Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. June 2013. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Summary of evidence-based guideline: Periprocedural management of antithrombotic medications in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. March 2013. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary,  Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Evidence-based guideline update: Plasmapheresis in neurologic disorders
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. January 2011. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, and Case Study.

Antithrombotic therapy perioperative management. American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (9th edition)
June 2008. FDA WARNING/REGULATORY ALERT. This guideline references a drug(s) for which important revised regulatory and/or warning information has been released. December 3, 2008, Innohep (tinzaparin) and May 15 , 2008, Heparin Sodium Injection. Electronic copies are available to subscribers of the Chest - The Cardiopulmonary and Critical Care Journal.

Carotid endarterectomy: an evidence-based review: report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology
September 2005.

- Symptoms Guidelines -

Practice parameter: evaluation of the child with microcephaly (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society
September 2009.

Trigeminal neuralgia: Stereotactic radiosurgery for patients with intractable typical trigeminal neuralgia who have failed medical management
IRSA. Stereotactic radiosurgery for patients with intractable typical trigeminal neuralgia who have failed medical management. Harrisburg (PA): IRSA; January 2009; 11 pages. (Radiosurgery practice guideline report; no. 1-03). [IRSA: International RadioSurgery Association]

Trigeminal neuralgia diagnostic evaluation and treatment: Practice Parameter
In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, and a Case Study. August 2008.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo therapies: Practice Parameter: An evidence-based review
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. May 2008. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, and a Case Study.

Chronic non-cancer pain management with opioids: An update of American Society of the Interventional Pain Physicians' (ASIPP) guidelines
American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians. March 2008. This updates a previously published guideline summary.

An update of comprehensive evidence-based guidelines for interventional techniques in chronic spinal pain. Part II: guidance and recommendations.
National Guideline Clearninghouse. April 2013.

Epidural steroid injection used to treat radicular lumbosacral pain: Assessment
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. March 2007.

Neuroimaging in the emergency patient presenting with seizure: Reassessment
Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. October 2007.

Post-lumbar puncture headache prevention: Addendum to assessment: Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology
August 2005; 5 pages.

Postherpetic neuralgia treatment: Practice parameter
Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. September 2004; 9 pages.

- Miscellaneous Guidelines -

Assessing patients in a neurology practice for risk of falls: Practice Parameter (an evidence-based review)
Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. February 2008. In addition to the full text guideline, this guideline also has an associated Clinician Summary, Patient Summary, Slide Presentation, Case Study, and a Poster.

Comatose survivor outcome prediction after cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Practice Parameter (an evidence-based review)
Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. July 2006; 10 pages.

Position Statements

ANN Position Statements
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has developed position statements on a variety of ethical issues to help guide neurologists and others in decision making:

Abuse and violence (2012)
Administration of IV tPA (2011)
Anticonvulsant drug coverage (2006)
Artificial nutrition and hydration (2006)
Availability of disease modifying therapies (DMT) for treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (2015)
Driving competence (2007)
Life-sustaining treatment (2007)
Management of chronic pain (2013)
Medical marijuana (2014)
Mobile electrodiagnostic laboratories provide substandard patient care (2015)
Neurology advanced practice providers (2015)
On-call reimbursement for neurologists (2013)
Opioids for chronic noncancer pain (2014)
Principles of neuroimaging training, guidelines, and practice (2008)
Responding to requests from adult patients for neuroenhancements (2009)
Sports that include intentional trama to the brain (2008)
Sports concussion (2013)
Legal and ethical implications (2014)
Stroke care (2010)
Stroke Medical Director reimbursement (2012)
Traumatic Brain Injury (2007)
Telemedicine (2014)

Consensus Statements

JAMA Consensus Statements
JAMA has issued the following consensus-based recommendations for measures to be taken by medical and public health professionals following the use of biological weapons against a civilian population.

Anthrax as a biological weapon
Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon
Plague as a biological weapon
Smallpox as a biological weapon
Tularemia as a biological weapon

Other Consensus Statements
Second consensus statement on the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy
The results of a second consensus conference on the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy, held in 2007, published by the American Academy of Neurology in 2008. Reevaluation of the diagnostic criteria updates the original consensus statement, which was established at conference on multiple system atrophy in 1998.

Guideline Syntheses

National Guideline Clearinghouse Syntheses
The National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC) contains syntheses of selected guidelines that cover similar topic areas. Key elements of each synthesis include the scope of the guidelines, the interventions and practices considered, the major recommendations and the corresponding rating schemes and strength of the evidence, the areas of agreement, and the areas of disagreement. A listing of interest to neurologists follows.

Pressure ulcers: prevention and management
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) produces guidance related to Technology appraisals; Clinical practice; and Interventional procedures (for management of diseases within the National Health Service in England and Wales).

Expert Commentary

National Guideline Clearinghouse Expert Commentary
Expert Commentaries by the National Guideline Clearinghouse listed chronologically. Expert commentaries are authored by the National Guideline Clearinghouse/National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NGC/NQMC) Editorial Board and/or by other experts working in conjunction with the Board.

Comparison of Multiple Sclerosis Guidelines Underscores Need for Collaboration
B: Michael G Trisolini PhD MBA

A Guideline for Palliative and End of Life Care
By Karl Lorenz MD MSHS.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society. What's New? What's Different?
By Paul Shekelle MD PhD.

Towards Uniform Evidence-based Guideline Development -- The GRADE Approach
By Ned Calonge MD MP

The Many Facets of Evidence: Commentary on the American Academy of Neurology's Evidence Classification Scheme
By Jacqueline French MD FAAN

Does More Add Up to Less? A Review of a Guideline on Whiplash Associated Disorders
By Anthony J Lisi DC

CLINICAL TRIALS

Clinical Alerts and Advisories
National Library of Medicine (NLM) clinical alerts are provided to expedite the release of findings from NIH-funded clinical trials where such release could significantly affect morbidity and mortality.

Clinical Trials (Industry-Sponsored)
Use this site to find information related to clinical trials, such as a listing of more than 41,000 industry- and government-sponsored clinical trials as well as new drug therapies recently approved by the FDA.

Clinical Trials (NIH-Sponsored)
National Institutes of Health presents information on current clinical research studies. Search by condition or funding sponsor.

Clinical Trials, Good Clinical Practice Standards
This FDA website provides information, contacts, guidelines, educational materials, and FDA-specific regulations relating to good clinical practice standards in clinical trials.

Fox Trial Finder
Fox Fox Trial Finder, part of the Michael J Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, is a solution to connect willing volunteers with Parkinson disease clinical trials and studies that urgently need them, streamlining the flow of participants into studies and speeding progress toward therapeutic breakthroughs.

FOR PATIENTS
Patient Support Organizations | General Information for Patients | Caregiver Resources | End-of-Life Resources

Patient Support Organizations

Epilepsy Foundation
A comprehensive online resource for individuals affected by seizure disorders. The site offers easy access to reliable information, online epilepsy communities (chat rooms), advocacy initiatives, caregiver information, and services.

Interactive Autism Network (IAN Project)
IAN, the Interactive Autism Network, is an innovative online project designed to accelerate the pace of autism research by linking researchers and families.

Asperger-Syndrome.me.uk
A parent-created website offering help, support, and information regarding Asperger syndrome.

Migraine Diary
The Migraine Trust is the health and medical research charity for migraine in the United Kingdom; their Migraine Diary helps identify patterns to your migraines, discover the effect of different aspects of your lifestyle on your migraine, and spot recurring triggers.

NIH Undiagnosed Diseases Program
The National Institutes of Health Undiagnosed Diseases Program accepts a limited number of referrals of patients with longstanding medical disorders that elude diagnosis.

The Voice of Rare Disease Patients in Europe
The European Organisation for Rare Diseases, EURORDIS, is a patient-driven alliance of patient organizations and individuals active in the field of rare diseases. Its mission is to build a strong pan-European community of patient organizations and people living with rare diseases, to be their voice at the European level, and - directly or indirectly - to fight against the impact of rare diseases on their lives.

Child Mind Institute
The Child Mind Institute is an independent national nonprofit dedicated to raising awareness and providing resources for the support and care of children and families struggling with mental health and learning disorders.

General Information for Patients

FDA Consumer Health Information
This FDA website puts a variety of consumer health information onto one user-friendly page with links to referenced topics. It also links to reliable sources of health information.

Healthfinder® - Patients' Guide to Reliable Health Information - U.S. Government
This U.S. Government-sponsored website offers a health information search by topic and age group as well as health news and details of support groups and publications.

MEDLINEplus
MEDLINEplus, published by the National Library of Medicine, has extensive information on over 500 diseases and conditions. There are also lists of hospitals and physicians, a medical encyclopedia and dictionaries, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.

MEDLINEplus en Español
MEDLINEplus en Español has many of the full-text resources that are available on the original MEDLINEplus. There are hundreds of health topics in Spanish as well as medical encyclopedia pages, interactive health tutorials, and information about professional medical associations and health-related organizations.

NIH Consumer Health Information
Browse this list of online consumer health publications maintained by the National Institutes of Health.

American Medical Association (AMA) - Resources for Patients
This American Medical Association site offers a patient medical library,resources for parents, a bookstore, a doctor finder, and a patients' action network, and more.

U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) - Consumer Page
This provides consumer versions of clinical practice guidelines, information on health plans, prescriptions, quality of care, prevention and wellness, consumer summary guides, and more.

My Family Health Portrait; a tool from the US Surgeon General
This is an internet-based tool that makes it easy for patients to record their family health history in about 15 to 20 minutes, for most families. The tool assembles family health information and makes a "pedigree" family tree that patients can download and optionally share with family members and health care practitioners. The website does not keep personal information. The site also displays in Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian.

SAMHSA's National Mental Health Information Center
The National Mental Health Information Center was developed for users of mental health services and their families, the general public, policy makers, providers, and the media. The website has a mental health directory, a mental health services locator, mental health links, mental health news, provides information on mental health topics, and more.

Neurology Patient Pages
The Neurology Patient Page provides critical reviews of neurologic discoveries written especially for patients and their families as well as links to additional information resources for neurologic patients.

National Women's Health Information Center (U.S. Public Health Service's Office on Women's Health)
This government website is a source for women's health information. It provides health topics, health tools, publications, statistics, campaign information, as well as some Spanish language resources.

PDQ, the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Database
PDQ (Physician Data Query) is NCI's comprehensive cancer database. It contains peer-reviewed summaries on cancer treatment, screening, prevention, genetics, and supportive care, and complementary and alternative medicine; a registry of more than 6,000 open and 17,000 closed cancer clinical trials from around the world; and a directory of professionals who provide genetics services.

America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP)
This AHIP website provides a links to myriad health insurance plans, as well as consumer guides that explain various types of health care coverage and choices.

Quackwatch
A member of the Consumer Federation of America, this nonprofit corporation combats health-related frauds, myths, fads, and fallacies. It's primary focus is on quackery-related information that is difficult or impossible to get elsewhere.

AAN Patient and Caregivers Website
This American Academy of Neurology Education and Research Foundation's website provides information on the most common neurologic disorders as well as useful links and other patient-centered resources.

HealthinAging.org
This website, created by the American Geriatrics Society's Health in Aging Foundation, provides consumers and caregivers with up-to-date information on health and aging. The site provides educational resources, information on the latest research, tip sheets, a directory of agencies and organizations that address the health care needs of older adults, up-to-date information on Medicare, advocacy information, and more.

Environmental Geriatrics
Environmental geriatrics is the study and application of design principles to interiors and products to optimize the health, function, and well-being of older adults. This Cornell University website offers a 3D Animated Virtual Home multimedia course that gives advice and information about how to avoid excess disability through age-appropriate design. The site also offers a patient guide, information on housing options, and links to outside resources.

Helping Hands
Helping Hands: Monkey Helpers for the Disabled is the only non-profit organization in the world that raises and trains capuchin monkeys to provide daily, in-home assistance to people living with spinal cord injury or other mobility impairments.

Genetics Home Reference
Genetics Home Reference provides consumer-friendly information about the effects of genetic variations on human health. It offers information on genes, chromosomes, genetic disorders, a glossary, an online handbook, and links to online resources.

Caregiver Resources

National Family Caregivers Association - Caregiver Action Network
NFCA is a grass roots organization created to educate, support, empower, and speak up for the millions of Americans who care for chronically ill, aged, or disabled loved ones.

Family Caregiver Alliance
A nationally-recognized information center on long-term care, FCA serves as a public voice for caregivers, illuminating the daily challenges they face, offering them assistance, and championing their cause through education, services, research, and advocacy.

Well Spouse Foundation
Through support groups, newsletters, and public education, this national, not for profit membership organization supports wives, husbands, and partners of the chronically ill and/or disabled.

Tips for Caregivers
This NIH National Institute of Aging tip page offers practical strategies for overcoming the challenges of caring for someone with Alzheimer disease or a related disorder. It also provides links to resource lists, legal and financial planning data, and information on long-distance caregiving and long-term care options.

Tips for Avoiding Caregiver Burnout
A tipsheet provided by the Foundation for Health in Aging that includes practical advice on how to best care for an older adult without becoming overwhelmed.

Understood
Fifteen nonprofit organizations have partnered to provide resources, practical information, expert advice, and a community to support parents whose children sturggle with learning and attention issues.

Raising Children Network
Created by a partnership of member organizations of Australia’s leading early childhood agencies and the Australian government, this website provides up-to-date, evidence-based, scientifically validated information for parents and carers, with specific content for children with autism and/or disabilities.

End-of-Life Resources

Caring Connections
A program of the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, it provides resources to help patients and families make decisions about end-of-life care and services.

GetPalliativeCare.org
This online resource, created by the Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC), is for patients and families coping with serious, complex illness. It offers information about how to get palliative care and provides palliative care stories, resources, and articles. It also provides clinicians with criteria regarding palliative care referrals.

Consumer’s Tool Kit for Health Care Advance Planning
The American Bar Association’s free toolkit on Advance Directives (living wills and durable powers of attorney for health care). State-specific information may be available from state departments of health, state medical societies, state medical boards, local health-care facilities, and other sources.

MISCELLANEOUS SITES OF INTEREST
U.S. Government Health | International Health | Professional Organizations | Neuroscience | Other Miscellaneous Sites

U.S. Government Health

CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Search this site for health-related news and information, along with a list of CDC publications and statistics.

FDA - CDER (Center for Drug Evaluation & Research)
The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research provides information about new and generic drug approvals, FDA news alerts, regulatory legislation, and guidelines for new drug applications.

FDA Health Professionals Page
This FDA Web page is a resource for health professionals about regulated products and agency policies of interest to the medical community.

FDA MedWatch Medical Products Reporting Program & Safety Information
MedWatch is an FDA Web page that provides timely information about product safety alerts, recalls, withdrawals, and important labeling changes on the drugs and other medical products regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

FDA MAUDE Database
MAUDE data represents reports of adverse events involving medical devices. This online search tool allows you to search CDRH database information on medical devices which may have malfunctioned or caused a death or serious injury.

Genetics Home Reference
Genetics Home Reference provides consumer-friendly information about the effects of genetic variations on human health.

National Library of Medicine
The National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, is the world's largest medical library.

NIH - National Institutes of Health - Home Page
As an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the NIH conducts research into preventing, detecting, diagnosing, and treating diseases and disabilities.

NIH - Grants
This National Institutes of Health (NIH) Web page is maintained by the Office of Extramural Research and provides an outline of available grants, application dates, human and animal research protection, and news and archives for medical research.

NIH - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke at the NIH conducts, coordinates, and guides research on the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of neurologic disorders and stroke, and supports basic research in related scientific areas, as well as provides fellowships and grants.

NIH - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke en Español
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke's Spanish-language webiste.

NIH - National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) at the NIH is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative healing practices in the context of rigorous science; training CAM researchers; and disseminating authoritative information.

NIH - National Center on Sleep Disorders Research
The mission of the National Center on Sleep Research (NCSDR) is to coordinate government-supported sleep research, training, and education, to improve the health of Americans.

NIH/NHLBI - Women's Health Initiative
This is a useful site for information about and research results related to the Women's Health Initiative, which was created to address the most common causes of death, disability, and impaired quality of life in postmenopausal women.

International Health

WHO - World Health Organization
Find health reports, resources, organizational information, and news on this international website.

WMA - World Medical Association
The World Medical Association provides ethical guidance to physicians through its Declarations and Statements on a variety of ethical and social issues relevant to physicians world-wide.

European Medicines Agency
The European Medicines Agency is a decentralised agency of the European Union, located in London. The Agency is responsible for the scientific evaluation of medicines developed by pharmaceutical companies for use in the European Union.

Professional Organizations

American Academy of Neurology
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is a professional organization for neurologists and related professionals.

American Medical Association
The American Medical Association is the largest organization for physicians and related professionals.

American Neurological Association
The American Neurological Association (ANA) is a professional society of academic neurologists and neuroscientists.

European Academy of Neurology
The EAN is the organisation that unites and supports neurologists across the whole of Europe. Currently, 45 European national neurologic societies as well as 800 individuals are registered members of the EAN. Thus the EAN represents more than 21,000 European neurologists.

World Federation of Neurology
The World Federation of Neurology (WFN) is an international federation of national neurological organizations, representing neurologists from member nations worldwide.

Neuroscience

Society for Neuroscience
The Society for Neuroscience is the world's largest organization of scientists devoted to the study of the brain; the website includes information about Society for Neuroscience membership, meetings and events, publications and programs, as well as classifieds, resources for the public, and a member directory.

Brain Facts
Brain Facts is a 74-page primer on the brain and nervous system, published by the Society for Neuroscience.

The Science Network
The Science Network (TSN) works to build an online science and society agora, or public square, dedicated to the discussion of issues at the intersection of science and social policy.

Other Miscellaneous Sites

American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Browse this website for information about the AANS, including meetings, journals, and "Hot Topics."

Neurosurgery://On-Call®
This resource for neurosurgical information is the official website of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

International Brain Research Organization
This IBRO is dedicated to promoting neuroscience and communication between brain researchers throughout the world; the website includes information on symposia and workshops, postdoctoral fellowships and travel grants, a membership directory, events calendar, and a limited number of neuroscience links.

Brain Attack Coalition
The Brain Attack Coalition is a group of professional, voluntary and governmental entities dedicated to reducing the occurrence, disabilities and death associated with stroke. Professional resources include Guidelines, Stroke Scales, and Orders for systems development for acute stroke care (including stroke team or stroke center development), and Pathways for the rapid diagnosis and treatment (both immediate and long-term) of acute stroke.

Epilepsy.com/Professionals
The mission of epilepsy.com/professionals is to inform and empower doctors, nurses, and other health care providers. The knowledge and experience of the epilepsy experts who contribute to epilepsy.com/professionals, as well as their informed opinions, can assist clinicians when caring for patients facing newly diagnosed epilepsy as well as patients struggling with epilepsy that has resisted treatment.

Multiple Sclerosis International Federation (MSIF)
The MSIF is an international body that aims to link the activities of national MS societies around the world by encouraging international research, developing new and existing MS societies, exchanging information and supporting advocacy efforts.

European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis (ECTRIMS)
ECTRIMS is an independent representative European-wide organization devoted to multiple sclerosis (MS).

Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis (ACTRIMS)
The ACTRIMS is a non-profit North American organization dedicated to treatment and research of MS, dissemination of knowledge and collaboration among disciplines.

National Human Genome Research Institute
The NHGRI leads the Human Genome Project for the National Institutes of Health, conducts research in its laboratories, and supports genomic science worldwide. The site provides extensive information about the Human Genome Project as well as genetic information on selected diseases and online genetic and genomic research resources.

American Psychiatric Association
This official website of the APA provides advocacy and education resources, practice guidelines, information for patients, and other information of interest to psychiatrists, neuropsychiatrists, psychologists, and other medical specialists.

AMA Physician Data Restriction Program
This program provides physicians a choice regarding restricting access to prescribing data, while ensuring that vital information on prescribing patterns continues to be available for beneficial public health purposes. The site also has other useful practice management information.

Evidence-Based Practice Resources
This University of Washington website provides links to evidence-based resources and provides tools for evaluating the evidence.

NIH Consensus Development Program
This National Institute of Health site contains Consensus Statements and State of the Science white papers on specific diseases and other medical issues. It also provides a limited number of CME tests.

Talking with Your Older Patient: A Clinician's Handbook
A link to the National Institute on Aging's clinician's handbook on how to successfully interact with older patients. It offers practical techniques and approaches to help with diagnosis, promote treatment adherence, make more efficient use of clinicians’ time, and increase patient and provider satisfaction.

State Medical Boards
Use this site to find various Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) policy documents, upcoming education events, information about medical licensing exams, and other information regarding state medical boards.

Federation of State Medical Boards Guidelines for Social Networking
Model policy guidelines for the appropriate use of social media and social networking in medical practice put together by the Federation of State Medical Board's Special Committee on Ethics and Professionalism.

European Board Examination in Neurology (UEMS)
This website provides information on UEMS - Section of Neurology and special topics for everybody interested in neurologic care.

American Medical Association HIPAALink
HIPAALink is an online HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) education and compliance tool designed specifically for physician practices. The site helps physicians identify shortcomings in their current security and privacy policies, and generate new HIPAA-compliant policies and procedures.

Medical Justice Legal Insurance
Medical Justice is a proprietary insurance product that supplements conventional medical malpractice policies. They pay the legal expenses for a multitude of tools used to combat frivolous medical malpractice claims.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Open Payments Database
Database of financial benefits provided to physicians by commercial interests that sell products or services used or consumed by patients.

HHS Report on Confronting the New Health Care Crisis
Access the US Department of Health and Human Services report: Confronting the New Health Care Crisis: Improving Health Care Quality and Lowering Costs By Fixing Our Medical Liability System. The report is of interest to physicians concerned about rising malpractice insurance premiums and rising malpractice jury awards

About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products
This Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center website provides objective information for healthcare professionals, including a clinical summary for each agent and details about constituents, adverse effects, interactions, and potential benefits or problems. Severe

Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), World Health Organization
This World Health Organization page provides the latest information about the disease, travel recommendations, a map of current probable cases, as well as guidelines, recommendations, and descriptions.

CDC Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
This US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention page provides basic information about the disease and answers to frequently asked questions.

CDC West Nile Virus
This US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site provides a wealth of information about West Nile virus infection, including its prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and reporting. Information is also provided in Spanish, French, and Vietnamese. There is a very informative Question & Answer section.

US Geological Survey, West Nile Virus
This US Geological Survey page provides a fact sheet and lists other sites, pages, and news releases related to West Nile virus.

CDC: Zika Virus
This US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention page includes information about Zika, including transmission and risks; symptoms, testing, and treatment; prevention; pregnancy; and health effects and risks.

The Partnership at Drugfree.org - Drug Guide
TheAntiDrug.com is a drug prevention information center. Physicians will find the site's drug information, including a list of recreational drugs and their street names as well as timely drug research studies, useful.

Medicaid Long Term Care Guide
Senior Planning provides a comprehensive guide to Medicaid long-term care programs nationwide.
 

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