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Amniotic bands and frontal encephalocele (after Klotz)

Fetus from about 8 months weighing 1750 g with facial cleft and frontal encephalocele, abdominal cleft, hepatic ectopia, and amniotic bands. Front view. (a) Encephalocele. (b) Rudimentary ala of the nose. (c) Wedge-shaped piece of soft tissue that fills the visible left palatal cleft. (d) Abdominoschisis. (f) Amniotic band or thread extending from the ulnar aspect of the left wrist to the left heel and placenta amnion. (e) A free strand or band. (g) Feto-fetal ribbon. (h) Amniotic membranes and shreds. (Source: Küstner O. Anomalien des Fötus. In: Die vom Fötus abhängenden Schwangerschafts- und Geburtsstörungen. Handbuch der Geburtshülfe 1888;2:497-815.)