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Flavonoids present in tea with epicatechin and catechin configurations

Flavonoids present in tea with epicatechin (ECG, EGCG) and catechin configurations (CG). Catechins are major components of tea. Catechins contain a benzopyran skeleton with a phenyl group substituted at the 2-position and a hydroxyl (or ester) function at the 3-position. Variations in the catechin structure include variations in the stereochemistry of the 2,3-substituents and the number of hydroxyl groups in the B-ring and D-ring. Belonging to the flavanol class of flavonoids, the most abundant catechins found in tea leaves include catechin-3-gallate (CG), epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG), epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). (Source: Saez-Ayala M, Fernández-Pérez MP, Chazarra S, Mchedlishvili N, Tárraga-Tomás A, Rodríguez-López JN. Factors influencing the antifolate activity of synthetic tea-derived catechins. Molecules 2013;18[7]:8319-41. Creative Commons Attribution [CC BY 3.0] license,