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Pontine myelinolysis (axial FLAIR MRI)

Axial FLAIR MRI demonstrating a centrally located area of increased signal in the pons typical for pontine myelinolysis. (Source: Dimitrov G, Naeva D, Duparinova R, Stratieva S, Manev V, Prinova K. Osmotic demyelination syndrome amidst COVID-19: a case report with literature review. Neurologia [Engl Ed] 2024;39[2]:213-7. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International [CC BY 4.0] license,

Associated Disorders

  • Alcoholism
  • Extrapontine myelinolysis
  • Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
  • Hypokalemia
  • Malnutrition
  • Osmotic myelinolysis