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Central pons hyperintensity in osmotic demyelination syndrome (DWI)

Axial diffusion-weighted image (DWI) showing hyperintensity of the central pons in (orange arrow) in osmotic demyelination syndrome. (Source: Koul P, Harjpal P, Raghumahanti R. Osmotic demyelination syndrome: a rare clinical image. Diagnostics [Basel] 2023;13[21]:3393. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International [CC BY 4.0] license,

Associated Disorders

  • Alcoholism
  • Extrapontine myelinolysis
  • Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
  • Hypokalemia
  • Malnutrition
  • Osmotic myelinolysis