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German internist Michael Anton Biermer

In 1872, German internist Michael Anton Biermer (1827-1892) named a condition pernicioÌse AnaÌmie (ie, pernicious or fatal anemia) when describing 15 cases of severe anemia (of mixed etiologies). (Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Public domain.)

Associated Disorders

  • Alcohol-tobacco amblyopia
  • Cerebral vascular disease
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Developmental delay
  • Folate deficiency
  • Gastric resection
  • Glossitis
  • Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome
  • Malabsorption
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Myelopathy
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Polyneuropathy
  • Regional enteritis
  • Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord