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Parathyroid glands typical location (lateral view)

The parathyroid glands are located usually on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland. Although the number varies, there are usually 4 parathyroid glands, 2 on each side. (Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan.)

Associated Disorders

  • Acute and chronic renal failure
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • Granulomatous disorders
  • Infantile hypercalcemia (Williams syndrome)
  • Malignancy
  • Milk-alkali syndrome
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism