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Parathyroid hyperplasia (high magnification)

(Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported.)

Associated Disorders

  • Acute and chronic renal failure
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • Granulomatous disorders
  • Infantile hypercalcemia (Williams syndrome)
  • Malignancy
  • Milk-alkali syndrome
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism